GCF of 36 and 84
GCF of 36 and 84 is the largest possible number that divides 36 and 84 exactly without any remainder. The factors of 36 and 84 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36 and 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 12, 14, 21, 28, 42, 84 respectively. There are 3 commonly used methods to find the GCF of 36 and 84  long division, Euclidean algorithm, and prime factorization.
1.  GCF of 36 and 84 
2.  List of Methods 
3.  Solved Examples 
4.  FAQs 
What is GCF of 36 and 84?
Answer: GCF of 36 and 84 is 12.
Explanation:
The GCF of two nonzero integers, x(36) and y(84), is the greatest positive integer m(12) that divides both x(36) and y(84) without any remainder.
Methods to Find GCF of 36 and 84
The methods to find the GCF of 36 and 84 are explained below.
 Listing Common Factors
 Long Division Method
 Prime Factorization Method
GCF of 36 and 84 by Listing Common Factors
 Factors of 36: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36
 Factors of 84: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 12, 14, 21, 28, 42, 84
There are 6 common factors of 36 and 84, that are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 12. Therefore, the greatest common factor of 36 and 84 is 12.
GCF of 36 and 84 by Long Division
GCF of 36 and 84 is the divisor that we get when the remainder becomes 0 after doing long division repeatedly.
 Step 1: Divide 84 (larger number) by 36 (smaller number).
 Step 2: Since the remainder ≠ 0, we will divide the divisor of step 1 (36) by the remainder (12).
 Step 3: Repeat this process until the remainder = 0.
The corresponding divisor (12) is the GCF of 36 and 84.
GCF of 36 and 84 by Prime Factorization
Prime factorization of 36 and 84 is (2 × 2 × 3 × 3) and (2 × 2 × 3 × 7) respectively. As visible, 36 and 84 have common prime factors. Hence, the GCF of 36 and 84 is 2 × 2 × 3 = 12.
☛ Also Check:
 GCF of 86 and 42 = 2
 GCF of 24 and 72 = 24
 GCF of 18 and 48 = 6
 GCF of 16 and 28 = 4
 GCF of 21 and 35 = 7
 GCF of 14 and 28 = 14
 GCF of 45 and 72 = 9
GCF of 36 and 84 Examples

Example 1: Find the GCF of 36 and 84, if their LCM is 252.
Solution:
∵ LCM × GCF = 36 × 84
⇒ GCF(36, 84) = (36 × 84)/252 = 12
Therefore, the greatest common factor of 36 and 84 is 12. 
Example 2: For two numbers, GCF = 12 and LCM = 252. If one number is 84, find the other number.
Solution:
Given: GCF (z, 84) = 12 and LCM (z, 84) = 252
∵ GCF × LCM = 84 × (z)
⇒ z = (GCF × LCM)/84
⇒ z = (12 × 252)/84
⇒ z = 36
Therefore, the other number is 36. 
Example 3: Find the greatest number that divides 36 and 84 exactly.
Solution:
The greatest number that divides 36 and 84 exactly is their greatest common factor, i.e. GCF of 36 and 84.
⇒ Factors of 36 and 84: Factors of 36 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36
 Factors of 84 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 12, 14, 21, 28, 42, 84
Therefore, the GCF of 36 and 84 is 12.
FAQs on GCF of 36 and 84
What is the GCF of 36 and 84?
The GCF of 36 and 84 is 12. To calculate the greatest common factor of 36 and 84, we need to factor each number (factors of 36 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36; factors of 84 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 12, 14, 21, 28, 42, 84) and choose the greatest factor that exactly divides both 36 and 84, i.e., 12.
If the GCF of 84 and 36 is 12, Find its LCM.
GCF(84, 36) × LCM(84, 36) = 84 × 36
Since the GCF of 84 and 36 = 12
⇒ 12 × LCM(84, 36) = 3024
Therefore, LCM = 252
☛ GCF Calculator
What is the Relation Between LCM and GCF of 36, 84?
The following equation can be used to express the relation between Least Common Multiple and GCF of 36 and 84, i.e. GCF × LCM = 36 × 84.
How to Find the GCF of 36 and 84 by Prime Factorization?
To find the GCF of 36 and 84, we will find the prime factorization of the given numbers, i.e. 36 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 3; 84 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 7.
⇒ Since 2, 2, 3 are common terms in the prime factorization of 36 and 84. Hence, GCF(36, 84) = 2 × 2 × 3 = 12
☛ What is a Prime Number?
How to Find the GCF of 36 and 84 by Long Division Method?
To find the GCF of 36, 84 using long division method, 84 is divided by 36. The corresponding divisor (12) when remainder equals 0 is taken as GCF.
What are the Methods to Find GCF of 36 and 84?
There are three commonly used methods to find the GCF of 36 and 84.
 By Listing Common Factors
 By Prime Factorization
 By Long Division
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